Evacanthus interruptus Linnaeus, 1758


Basionym: Cicada interrupta Linnaeus, 1758
Published in: Linnaeus, C. (1758a) II. Hemiptera. In: Systema naturae: per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Vol. 1. L. Salvii, Stockholmiae, pp. 434‚Äď439.

Description & Identification

Adults are typically 5.5 - 6.5mm long; females are somewhat larger than males because the tip of the abdomen protrudes significantly beyond the tips of the wings.

E. interruptus is very strikingly coloured black and yellow so is readily distinguished from all other leafhopper species. The black patterning is variable and in very rare cases the forewings are entirely yellow.  As with all leafhoppers, the hind tibiae have one to three rows of spines running along their entire length. (Harkin & Stewart 2019)


Biology & Ecology

E. interruptus can be found in a variety of habitats, but most frequently in ones that are moist to wet, from open grasslands and meadows to species-rich fens and marshes. The host plants include a variety of herbaceous species. Females lay eggs in the autumn and the nymphs emerge the following spring. Nymphs moult five times before emerging as adults. Adults can be found between June and October. (Harkin & Sterwart 2019)


Classification

Hemiptera
Auchenorrhyncha
Cicadellidae
Evacanthinae
-
Evacanthus
interruptus
Linnaeus, 1758

Synonymy

Amblycephalus interruptus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Cicada interrupta Linnaeus, 1758
Cicadella interrupta (Linnaeus, 1758)
Euacanthus interuptus Linnaeus, 1758
Euacanthus intenoptus Linnaeus, 1758
Euacanthus interrupta (Linnaeus, 1758)
Cicada bicordata Scopoli, 1763
Cicada hemiptera Piller & Mitterpacher, 1783
Cicada moesta Zetterstedt, 1828
Euacanthus nigroflavus Stål, 1858
Euacanthus interrupta xanthus Melichar, 1896
Euacanthus sibiricus Melichar, 1900
Euacanthus nigricans Mitsuhashi, 1909
Euacanthus miyakei Matsumura, 1911
Euacanthus myakei Matsumura, 1911
Euacanthus nigricans Matsumura, 1911
Euacanthus nigricans pallidus Matsumura, 1912
Euacanthus aurautiacus Matsumura, 1915
Euacanthus aurantiacus Matsumura, 1915
Euacanthus interrupta rubescens Haupt, 1925

Common Names (full list)

Sortgul cikade
Source: National checklist of all species occurring in Denmark
Wiesenschmuckzikade
Source: Taxon list of Auchenorrhyncha from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project

Additional Images

Images provided by GBIF data providers. We cannot verify that identifications are correct.


Worldwide Distribution

Asia
Europe

Distribution point data provided by GBIF.

UK Status: Present

Evacanthus interruptus is a rather local leafhopper but with a widespread distribution across Britain and Ireland. (Harkin & Stewart 2019)

Vector Status

As with all froghoppers and some of the larger leafhoppers, E. interruptus feeds on the liquid contents of the xylem vessels of its host plant. As such, it is a potential vector of the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa which has caused the death of many olive trees in southern Europe, although this disease has not been detected in the UK. (Harkin & Stewart 2019)

Plant Diseases


GALLERY