Evacanthus interruptus Linnaeus, 1758

Leafhopper

Basionym: Cicada interrupta Linnaeus, 1758
Published in: Linnaeus, C. (1758a) II. Hemiptera. In Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius, Holmiae. pp. 434–439. [iv + 823] https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542

Description & Identification

Adults are typically 5.5 - 6.5mm long; females are somewhat larger than males because the tip of the abdomen protrudes significantly beyond the tips of the wings.

E. interruptus is very strikingly coloured black and yellow so is readily distinguished from all other leafhopper species. The black patterning is variable and in very rare cases the forewings are entirely yellow.  As with all leafhoppers, the hind tibiae have one to three rows of spines running along their entire length. (Harkin & Stewart 2019)


Biology & Ecology

E. interruptus can be found in a variety of habitats, but most frequently in ones that are moist to wet, from open grasslands and meadows to species-rich fens and marshes. The host plants include a variety of herbaceous species. Females lay eggs in the autumn and the nymphs emerge the following spring. Nymphs moult five times before emerging as adults. Adults can be found between June and October. (Harkin & Sterwart 2019)


Classification

Hemiptera
Auchenorrhyncha
Cicadellidae
Evacanthinae
-
Evacanthus
interruptus
Linnaeus, 1758

Synonymy

Amblycephalus interruptus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Cicadella interrupta (Linnaeus, 1758)
Flata interrupta (Linnaeus, 1758)
Euacanthus interrupta (Linnaeus, 1758)
Iassus interruptus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Cicada interrupta Linnaeus, 1758
Cicada bicordata Scopoli, 1763
Cicada hemiptera Piller & Mitterpacher, 1783
Cicada moesta Zetterstedt, 1828
Euacanthus interrupta moesta (Zetterstedt, 1828)
Evacanthus interruptus moestus (Zetterstedt, 1828)
Euacanthus moesta (Zetterstedt, 1828)
Evacanthus nigroflavus Stål, 1858
Euacanthus interrupta xanthus Melichar, 1896
Evacanthus sibiricus Melichar, 1900
Euacanthus interrupta nigricans Matsumura, 1911
Evacanthus miyakei Matsumura, 1911
Evacanthus svaneticus Melichar, 1913
Evacanthus aurantiacus Matsumura, 1915
Evacanthus striatus Kusnezov, 1929

Common Names (full list)

Leafhopper
Source: Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species - United States (Contiguous) (ver.2.0, 2022)
Sortgul cikade
Source: National checklist of all species occurring in Denmark
Wiesenschmuckzikade
Source: Taxon list of Auchenorrhyncha from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project

Additional Images

Images provided by GBIF data providers. We cannot verify that identifications are correct.


Worldwide Distribution

Asia
Europe

Distribution point data provided by GBIF.

UK Status: Present

Evacanthus interruptus is a rather local leafhopper but with a widespread distribution across Britain and Ireland. (Harkin & Stewart 2019)

Vector Status

As with all froghoppers and some of the larger leafhoppers, E. interruptus feeds on the liquid contents of the xylem vessels of its host plant. As such, it is a potential vector of the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa which has caused the death of many olive trees in southern Europe, although this disease has not been detected in the UK. (Harkin & Stewart 2019)

Plant Diseases


GALLERY