Cicadella viridis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Leafhopper

Basionym: Cicada viridis Linnaeus, 1758
Published in: Linnaeus, C. (1758a) II. Hemiptera. In: Systema naturae: per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Vol. 1. L. Salvii, Stockholmiae, pp. 434–439.

Cicadella viridis is a large and distinctive leafhopper that can be found throughout Britain and Ireland. It can be very numerous where it occurs.

Description & Identification

Adults are typically 6—8mm long; females are distinctly larger than males.

As with all leafhoppers, the hind tibiae have one to three rows of spines running along the entire length. C. viridis is easily recognised in the field; the only species with which it could be confused is C. lasiocarpae, which is very much rarer and confined to fens and bogs in western Britain and Ireland. 

The forewings of females are bright turquoise green, but those of the male are much darker blue-purple and may even be blackish, although the green coloration is retained on the pronotum. The background colour of the head and face is yellow, overlain with varying amounts of black markings.

(Harkin & Stewart 2019)


Biology & Ecology

Cicadella viridis is common in damp and wet habitats throughout Britain and Ireland. It can reach particularly high densities in fens, bogs, wet meadows and pastures, and around pond, lake and ditch margins. Its host plants are sedges and rushes, particularly in the genus Juncus. Females lay eggs singly or in groups inside the plant tissue in the autumn; nymphs emerge the following spring. Nymphs moults five times before emerging as adults. Adults can be found between June and September. 


Classification

Hemiptera
Auchenorrhyncha
Cicadellidae
Cicadellinae
-
Cicadella
viridis
(Linnaeus, 1758)

Synonymy

Cicadella arundinis (Germar)
Acopsis viridis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Tettigella viridis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Tettigonia viridis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Tettigonia virescens Linnaeus, 1758
Amblycephalus viridis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Tettigoniella virides Linnaeus, 1758
Neokolla viridis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Iassus viridis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Cicada viridis Linnaeus, 1758
Cercopis viridis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Amblycephalus viridis viridis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Tettigonia arundinis Germar, 1821
Tettigonia melanchloa Walker, 1851
Tettigonia flavicatella Graaf, 1854
Tettigonia flaviscutellata Graaf, 1854
Tettigonella concolor Haupt, 1912
Tettigonia viridis concolor Haupt, 1912
Tettigella viridis suffusa Salmon, 1954
Tettigella viridis suffusa Salmon, 1954

Common Names (full list)

Binsenschmuckzikade
Source: Taxon list of Auchenorrhyncha from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project
Blågrön kärrstrit
Source: Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Groene rietcicade
Source: Belgian Species List
Groene rietcicade
Source: Checklist Dutch Species Register - Nederlands Soortenregister
Grøn bladspringer
Source: National checklist of all species occurring in Denmark
Grøn sumpcikade
Source: National checklist of all species occurring in Denmark
Leafhopper
Source: Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species - United States (Contiguous)

Additional Images

Images provided by GBIF data providers. We cannot verify that identifications are correct.


Worldwide Distribution

Asia
Europe
Middle East

Distribution point data provided by GBIF.

UK Status: Present

Widespread and common in damp grassland and marshy areas throughout the UK. 

Vector Status

As with all froghoppers and some of the larger leafhoppers, C. viridis feeds on the liquid contents of the xylem vessels of its host plants. As such, it is a potential vector of the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa which has caused the death of many olive trees in southern Europe, although this disease has not been detected in the UK. (Harkin & Stewart 2019)

Plant Diseases

Phytoplasmas

Mikec, I., Krizanac, I., Budinscak, Z., Seruga Music, M., Krajacic, M., Skoric, D. 2009. Phytoplasma and their potential vector in vineyards of indigenous croatian varieties. In: Abstract Book of 15th Meeting of the International Council for the Study of Virus and Virus-like Diseases of the Grapevine, 2006

Carraro, L., Ferrini, F., Martini, M., Ermacora, P., Loi, N. 2008. A serious epidemic of Stolbur on Celery. Journal of Plant Pathology, 90(1): 131-135

Riedle-Bauer, M., Tiefenbrunner, W., Otreba, J., Hanak, K., Schildberger, B., Regner, F. 2006. Epidemiological observations on Bois noir in Austrian vineyards. Mitteilungen Klosterrneuburg, 56: 166–170

* Citations of Phytoplasma occurrance in Cicadella viridis (Linnaeus, 1758) have been exctracted from the database of Hemiptera-Phytoplasma-Plant (HPP) biological interactions worldwide (Valeria Trivellone. (2019). Hemiptera-Phytoplasma-Plant dataset (v1.2) [Data set]. Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2532738).


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