Austroagallia torrida (Evans)

Description & Identification

Small linear species. male 3.40—3.50 mm., female 3.50—3.90 mm. (Nielson, 1968) General colour light brown. Vertex with two distinct black spots; pronotum with four black spots, two smaller ones near anterior margin and two larger ones near posterior margin, distance between posterior spots greater than distance between anterior spots; elytra uniformly light brown. (Nielson, 1968)Pygofer in lateral aspect about as long as wide, caudodorsal margin produced posteriorly to short angulate lobe; 10th segment with pair of small plates, each plate with elongate curved process distally; aedeagus in lateral aspect broad basally, narrowed and somewhat attenuated apically, shaft short with single distinct, broad spine arising laterally from middle of dorsal margin of shaft; gonopore terminal; style in dorsal aspect with apex bilobed, lobes about equal in length, curved; female 7th sternum in ventral aspect with caudal margin truncate. (Nielson, 1968)This is the only species in the genus Austroagallia that is a vector (Nielson 1968)

Biology & Ecology

The species occurs on lucerne throughout Australia and therefore is believed to be its natural host. In the laboratory the leafhopper fed and bred on Malva, Datura, red clover, lucerne, and carrot (Grylls 1954) [325]. Three complete generations a year were evident in insectary studies. Eggs were laid in stems, petioles, and leaf veins. Nymphs hatched in 10 to 41 days. Five nymphal instars were produced, each requiring about 5 to 7 days. In the field adults were present during most of the year and peak populations occurred in April. The insect overwintered in the egg stage. (Nielson, 1968)



Additional Images

Images provided by GBIF data providers. We cannot verify that identifications are correct.

Worldwide Distribution

This species is known only from Australia. Evans considered it as an introduction from the Mediterranean region. In 1954 Grylls (325) reported it from the major States of Australia except Victoria. (Nielson, 1968)

Australasia & Oceania

Distribution point data provided by GBIF.

Pest Status

Economic Crops


This species is a vector of rugose leaf curl virus of clover in Australia. Transmission of this virus was first reported in 1954 by Grylls (325), who demonstrated transmission to a number of plants including lucerne, clover, tomato, and carrots. The vector required over 30 minutes of feeding on diseased plants before transmission was accomplished. Transovarial passage of the virus was also established. In 1955, Grylls (326) reported an outbreak of this disease, in which 10 to 12 percent of red clover and some white clover plants were infected in one pasture, whereas in another field the disease was much more severe. Populations of torrida were found in the diseased fields.(Nielson 1968)This species is an important vector in the natural spread of rugose leaf curl virus in Australia.(Nielson 1968)

Plant Diseases


Agallinae Australasia & Oceania Austroagallia Carrot Cicadellidae Membracoidea Tomato

Austroagallia torrida (Evans): Wilson M. R. & Turner J. A. 2021. Insect Vectors of Plant Disease. Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales. Available online at [ Accessed:  19/06/2021 ].
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