Sogatella furcifera (Horváth 1899)

Whitebacked plant-hopper (wbph)

Basionym: Delphax furcifera Horváth, 1899
Published in: Asche M. & Wilson M. R. The delphacid genus Sogatella and related groups: a revision with special reference to rice-associated species (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Systematic Entomology, 15(1): 1-42. (1990).

Described as Delphax furcifera Horvath. Asche & Wilson (1990) record the following other names: Sogata distincta Distant, Sogata pallescens Distant, Sogata kyusyuensis Matsumura and Ishihara, and Sogata tandojamensis Qadri and Mirza.

(Wilson & Claridge 1991)

Description & Identification

Tegmina with dark or fuscous marking at tip of clavus which in females may be less developed or missing.(Nielson, 1968)

S. furcifera can be readily distinguished from the other Sogatella species by structures of the male genitalia; the parameres strongly dilated at base, apex relatively small, almost equally bifurcate. Asche and Wilson (1990) reported that S. furcifera shows a wide range of intraspecific variation in several characters, such as intensity and extent of coloration and genital structures (e.g. parameres) even within the same population. In some specimens variation in the shape of the left and right parameres of the same individual was observed. The degree of intraspecific variation proved to be about the same in all populations studied from various localities.

(Wilson & Claridge 1991)


(Horváth 1899)


Delphacodes furcifera (Horváth, 1899)
Megamelus furcifera (Horváth, 1899)
Delphax fuscifera Horváth, 1899
Eiburnia albopalliata Horváth, 1899
Sogata furcifera (Horváth, 1899)
Liburnia furcifera (Horváth, 1899)
Delphax furcifera Horváth, 1899
Liburnia albolineosa Fowler, 1905
Megamelus abolineosus (Fowler, 1905)
Sogata distincta Distant, 1912
Sogata pallescens Distant, 1912
Megamelus albolineosa Crawford, 1914
Opiconsiva gloriosa Distant, 1917
Opiconsiva insularis Distant, 1917
Megamelus furcifer Muir, 1920
Liburnia albolinosa Osborn, 1921
Sogata furcifer Muir, 1924
Sogata kyusyuensis Matsumura & Ishihara, 1945

Common Names (full list)

Puting ngusong kabayo
Source: Catalogue of Life Checklist
Wereng punggung putih
Source: Catalogue of Life Checklist
Whitebacked plant-hopper (wbph)
Source: Catalogue of Life Checklist

Additional Images

Images provided by GBIF data providers. We cannot verify that identifications are correct.

Worldwide Distribution

Widespread in the eastern Palaearctic, the Oriental region, the Western Pacific and Australia. For further detail see Asche & Wilson (1990). However, Asche & Wilson (1990) stated that the western limits of the distribution of S. furcifera are still unclear: all specimens from Africa, Europe and the New World that had previously been identified as S. furcifera proved to be other species.

Middle East

Distribution point data provided by GBIF.

Vector Status

Economic Crops


Second only to Nilaparvata lugens as a rice pest in Asia where it damages the crop by direct feeding. Mochida and Okada (1971) list the host plants of Japanese Delphacidae, including Sogatella species. Unfortunately they fail to differentiate adequately between casual host records and true host plants. However, for S. furcifera a considerable list of Gramineae is given from which nymphs were reared to adults under experimental conditions. Lee and Kwon (1980) also give an extensive list of host plants of S. furcifera.

S. furcifera is a serious rice pest in Japan but appears unable to overwinter there and undergoes long-distance migration (like N. lugens (Stal) each year from southern China (Kisimoto, 1976, 1987). It is interesting that S. furcifera is not yet recorded as the vector of any rice diseases.

Khan and Saxena (1985) provide a selected bibliography of over 500 references to S. furcifera up to February 1984.

(Wilson & Claridge 1991)

Plant Diseases




Singh, V., Baitha, A., Sinha, O.K. 2002. Transmission of grassy shoot disease of sugarcane by a leafhopper (Deltocephalus ulgaris Dash & Viraktamath). Indian journal of sugarcane technology, 17: 1-2

* Citations of Phytoplasma occurrance in Sogatella furcifera (Horváth 1899) have been exctracted from the database of Hemiptera-Phytoplasma-Plant (HPP) biological interactions worldwide (Valeria Trivellone. (2019). Hemiptera-Phytoplasma-Plant dataset (v1.2) [Data set]. Zenodo.


Asia Delphacidae Fulgoroidea Grasses/Cereals Middle East Rice Sogatella Fijivirus Pangola stunt virus

Sogatella furcifera (Horváth 1899): Wilson M. R. & Turner J. A. 2021. Insect Vectors of Plant Disease. Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales. Available online at [ Accessed:  04/10/2022 ].
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